Integrated pest management (IPM) is an approach to pest management that focuses on common-sense preventive measures to mitigate the risk of a pest infestation. In agriculture, it aims to keep pest populations below the economic injury level (EIL), or the point at which pest populations cut into the profitability of a crop yield. While integrated pest management is most commonly used in the world of agriculture, the principals behind it can also be applied in other commercial settings, including hospitals, nursing homes, restaurants, and hotels.
An integrated plan reduces the possibility of needing a major intervention to deal with a pest infestation. Imagine, if you have to close your hotel for a week to fumigate after a bedbug outbreak, not only is the treatment going to be expensive, but you are also going to lose a week’s worth of business — not to mention the damage the whole ordeal could do to your establishment’s reputation. So, what are the specifics of this approach to pest management? Integrated pest management is made up of four critical components: